The hyporheic zone (HZ) is the region of saturated sediment surrounding a stream which connects surface water and groundwater flow. The overlying water with dissolved matters infiltrates into the HZ, stays there for some time and interacts with groundwater, and exfiltrates out of the HZ, resulting in hyporheic exchanges (HE).
Most of the rivers are designed with narrow bottom section and large upper section of concrete streambed which results in bad river eco-system. In recent decades, more and more stream restoration projects involve the recovery of HE, however, effective guidance in restoring HE is still missing. Therefore, this study aims to examine the effectiveness of different key factors (e.g., stream discharge, slope, sinuosity and groundwater flow) in restoring HZ in a meandering channel with floodplain using flume experiments and numerical simulations.